Not only is abortion a controversial and emotional topic, many women real and legitimate concerns about infertility after abortion.
If you’re thinking about getting pregnant and have had an abortion it’s important that you fully know what to expect as you plan your pregnancy.
Talk to your doctor about any impact an abortion may have on your ability to conceive in the future. It’s important that you understand that having had an abortion still means that you can have a healthy pregnancy.
Do not let feelings of regret and guilt convince you into thinking that you might be dealing with future infertility issues.
Abortion is chosen by many women who then go on to conceive naturally and without any fertility problems whatsoever.
Abortion Procedures and Infertility
These days’ abortions are performed in sterile and safe environments and there is really very little risk of complications occurring.
Many years ago abortions were performed illegally in unsafe environments, leading to scarring and infections to the female reproductive system and problems with future fertility issues.
Although today there are still some risks associated with abortion, these complications are usually very minor.
Many abortions are done using medications such as mifepristone to abort the fetus so there is no need for surgery.
When surgical abortion is performed, the fetus is removed from the uterus using a syringe or a vacuum type device. Surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis.
Very rarely a surgical abortion can cause damage to the uterus or cervix. This is when infertility after an abortion can become an issue.
Possible Complications Affecting Fertility
While the risk of complications occurring from abortion is rare, there are still some risks when surgery is used to perform the abortion.
One of these complications is scarring or weakening of the cervix which can cause infertility and miscarriage. If the scarring is severe enough it can block passage of the sperm to the fallopian tubes and uterus.
This can make it difficult to conceive. In many cases, it’s possible to repair a weak cervix with surgery. Another complication that can occur and cause infertility after an abortion is a perforation of the uterus.
During surgery, the uterus can be accidentally harmed and cut. This can cause the uterus to be scarred or become distorted in shape.
This could then potentially prevent sperm from travelling to the fallopian tubes as well as prevent the fertilized embryo from being implanted in the lining of the uterus.
Infections and Infertility
Very rarely an infection can develop after an abortion has been performed. If an infection does develop it can potentially reduce a woman’s fertility by damaging the reproductive system.
Infections after abortion are nowhere near the danger they used to be due to the sterility of modern hospitals and operating rooms.
If a woman has an STD (sexually transmitted disease) when she is having a surgical abortion, the infection may spread to the reproductive system.
This can lead to fertility problems in the future. Again, this rarely happens these days since a great deal of care is taken both before and after surgery.
If an STD is present antibiotics will be given after surgery has been performed.
Fertility after Abortion
Many women wonder if they can become pregnant after they’ve had an abortion. Unless there are other medical complications you should be able to conceive naturally after your abortion.
Wait until at least eight weeks after an abortion before you try to conceive again, particularly if you’ve had a surgical abortion. Until that time be sure to practice safe sex with your partner.
So long as you’re having normal periods after an abortion, your chances of conceiving naturally are just the same as for other women. If you become pregnant right after you’ve had an abortion, don’t worry.
There are no pregnancy concerns that you need to be aware of that are different from those women who haven’t had an abortion.
Medical Advice about Infertility after an Abortion
Your emotions and thoughts after having an abortion may be negative and filled with guilt. There are many reasons why women choose abortion and all are unique and individual reasons.
There should be no guilt or blame attached to having had an abortion. Remember that you made choices that were best for you at that time.
Now is a time to look forward and plan your pregnancy with a positive attitude. Talk to your doctor about your abortion and get the medical advice you need to plan a healthy pregnancy.
The average time for you and your partner to get pregnant is about nine months. If you’re not pregnant after this time, consult your doctor. In most cases, your infertility will not be because you’ve had an abortion.
Your doctor will then work with you to find out the cause of why you might not be conceiving.