Ovarian cyst infertility is exactly that: ovarian cysts lower your chances of getting pregnant. Depending on what type of cysts you have, you may be having difficulty conceiving.
Infertility can be devastating and depressing when you and your partner are anxious to have a baby, particularly when month after month goes by and you don’t conceive.
Ovarian cysts are most often experienced by younger women who are trying to become pregnant. Infertility is something that affects both women and men.
It’s important that if you’re having difficulty conceiving that you start to rule out some of the factors that may be affecting your fertility.
The majority of cases, where ovarian cysts are the cause of infertility, are resolved and couples go on to conceive naturally without fertility treatments.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst Infertility
How will you know if your infertility is caused by ovarian cysts? If you and your partner have been trying for some time to conceive without any success you’ll want to discuss infertility issues with your doctor.
Some ovarian cysts produce no symptoms at all and the only indication that you have them may be your inability to conceive.
Some cysts may cause the following symptoms:
- A change in your menstrual cycle. This can include missed periods, longer or shorter periods, and spotting.
- Feeling nauseous and slightly queasy.
- Tenderness in your breasts
- An ache or pain in your pelvic area before or after you menstruate, or during sex.
While the above symptoms may not be a factor of your infertility, any changes in your menstrual cycle or pain in your pelvic area should be checked out by your doctor.
If you’re having fertility issues it’s important that you consult with your doctor so that she or he can start to rule out some of the factors of infertility that you may or may not be facing.
Ovarian Cysts Can Lead to Infertility
One of the main reasons why ovarian cysts can lead to infertility is that they cause what is known as “resistance to insulin.”
Insulin resistance is when your body turns energy into fat, causing you to gain weight. It’s this weight gain that can significantly lead to infertility.
Ovarian cysts often occur when there is an imbalance within your reproductive hormones, which further leads to weight gain.
The type of cyst you have can be determined through an ultrasound. But just what are cysts and how do they have a direct link to your fertility?
Small Ovarian Cysts Cause Infertility
If you’re one of the thousands of women who develop small ovarian cysts you may have what is called “polycystic ovarian syndrome”.
This type of condition will profoundly affect the regularity of your menstrual cycle and this can, in turn, be the cause of your infertility.
When your ovulation cycle is irregular your chances of conceiving naturally are drastically decreased. In a normal menstrual cycle, the egg is contained in one developed cyst.
Once the egg has matured the cyst breaks open and the egg is released at which time it passes through the fallopian tube to be fertilized.
Once this happens the cyst dissolves. Two of the main causes of ovarian cyst infertility are when the
- cyst keeps on growing and the egg isn’t released, and
- when the cyst doesn’t dissolve once the egg is released.
Talk to your doctor if you’re having irregular menstrual cycles.
Endometrioma Cysts and Infertility
Another type of ovarian cyst infertility issue is caused by endometrioma cysts. These cysts are caused by endometriosis, a condition that occurs when the lining that is inside your uterus starts to grow on the outside.
While these types of cysts do not typically have any effect on the quantity or quality of your eggs, they can interfere with your ovulation cycle and lead to fertility problems.
If you’re having difficulty conceiving, your doctor will most likely test you for ovarian cyst infertility issues.
Treating Cysts that Cause Infertility
Some doctors prefer to take the “wait and see” approach to see if the cyst will disappear on its own after a few months. If you and your partner are anxious to conceive, you may find this method of treatment very stressful.
Most cysts are removed by a surgeon using laparoscopic surgery. During this type of surgery, the cyst is collapsed and then removed through a tiny incision.
In most cases, the surgeon will be able to preserve the healthy ovarian tissue so that your ovarian function will return to normal.
The goal is to remove the cyst carefully so that your ovarian cyst infertility issue is resolved, and you and your partner can go on to conceive naturally.
For many women who are dealing with ovarian cyst infertility, the main risk is that during laparoscopic surgery the entire ovary is removed or damaged which leads to inadequate ovarian function.
Always make sure that the surgeon assigned to your case is qualified and well experienced in performing laparoscopic surgery.